Manusia yang Bertindak dan Ekonomi (bhg i)

syarahan Ludwig von Mises (1951)*

terjemahan Hadi Jaafar

Manusia secara umumnya percaya bahawa ilmu ekonomi sekadar minat golongan niagawan, jurubank, dan yang seumpama dan bahawasanya terdapat ekonomi yang terpisah untuk setiap kumpulan, segmen masyarakat, ataupun negara. Oleh kerana ilmu ekonomi merupakan perkembangan sains yang paling terbaru, tidaklah menghairankan bahawa terdapat banyak idea-idea yang tersasar mengenai makna dan pengisian pada cabang pengetahuan ini.

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II. Wang Di Dalam Masyarakat Merdeka (bhg 1)

Petikan bersiri dari terjemahan “What has Government Done to Our Money” nukilan Murray N. Rothbard – Hadi Jaafar (penterjemah)

1. Nilai Pada Sebuah Pertukaran

Bagaimanakah penggunaan wang itu bermula? Terang-terangan, Robinson Crusoe tidak punya keperluan terhadap wang. Dia tidak dapat menjadikan syiling emas sebagai makanannya. Tidak pula bagi Crusoe dan Friday, yang mungkin di dalam pertukaran ikan untuk kayu-kayan, perlu memikirkan tentang penggunaan wang. Namun apabila masyarakat berkembang melangkaui hanya segelintir keluarga, pentas telah pun tersedia bagi kemunculan konsep wang di dalam urusniaga.

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Man vs the State

[W]hoever desires liberty, should understand these vital facts, viz.: 1. That every man who puts money into the hands of a “government” (so called) puts into its hands a sword which will be used against himself, to extort more money from him, and also to keep him in subjection to its arbitrary will. 2. That those who will take his money, without his consent, in the first place, will use it for his further robbery and enslavement, if he presumes to resist their demands in the future. 3. That it is a perfect absurdity to suppose that any body of men would ever take a man’s money without his consent, for any such object as they profess to take it for, viz., that of protecting him; for why should they wish to protect him, if he does not wish them to do so?… 4. If a man wants “protection,” he is competent to make his own bargains for it; and nobody has any occasion to rob him, in order to “protect” him against his will. 5. That the only security men can have for their political liberty, consists in their keeping their money in their own pockets, until they have assurances, perfectly satisfactory to themselves, that it will be used as they wish it to be used, for their benefit, and not for their injury. 6. That no government, so called, can reasonably be trusted for a moment, or reasonably be supposed to have honest purposes in view, any longer than it depends wholly upon voluntary support.

– Lysander Spooner (1808 – 1887) –

No Treason No. VI: the Constitution of No Authority (1870)

Das Lied von der Freiheit (Lagu Tentang Kemerdekaan)

Das Lied von der Freiheit

geschrieben von August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1798 – 1874)

Es lebe, was auf Erden
nach Freiheit strebt und wirbt
von Freiheit singt und saget,
für Freiheit lebt und stirbt

Die Welt mit ihren Freuden
ist ohne Freiheit nichts
die Freiheit ist die Quelle
der Tugend und des Lichts

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Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 23 II – Adagio – by Hélène Grimaud

Watch Hélène Grimaud play the Adagio from Mozart’s Piano Concerto no. 23, which recorded for her new album marking two ‘firsts’ for Hélène Grimaud – her first live DG recording and her first ever Mozart concerto recording. Continue reading “Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 23 II – Adagio – by Hélène Grimaud”