Government and Censorship

“Everybody is free to abstain from reading books, magazines, and newspapers he dislikes and to recommend to other people to shun these books, magazines, and newspapers. But it is quite another thing when some people threaten other people with serious reprisals in case they should not stop patronizing certain publications and their publishers.”

– Ludwig von Mises –

The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality, p.56 (1956). Also appeared on The Quotable Mises, p. 29  (2005)

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Apa itu “Libertarianisme”? (Siri 1)

(draf awal)

Seringkali didengari salah kiraan masyarakat umum pada konsep “Libertarianisme” ini. Ada yang tersilap mentafsirkannya sebagai “libertinisme“, yakni satu falsafah yang mempromosi “hedonisme” dan kebebasan sosial mutlak individu daripada kekangan langsung kod-kod etika dan moral, yang diterajui penulis-penulis abad ke-17 dan 18 seperti penyair English John Wilmot dan penyair Perancis Marquis de Sade. Ada juga yang menyalah anggapnya sebagai satu bentuk falsafah yang menolak terus undang-undang dan norma di dalam konteks kemasyarakatan, dan terbit dari itu dakwaan bahawa Libertarian adalah atomisme, kepercayaan bahawa individu itu adalah terasing terus dari individu-individu lain. Ada juga yang mengecam golongan “libertarian” sebagai apologis dan boneka bagi puak elitis dan korporatis. Sebahagian yang lain pula menganggap Libertarianisme mendokong “ateisme” dan “materialisme” dan mahu berlepas diri dari sebarang bentuk kekangan moral dan agama. Walauapapun, bagi menjernih kekeliruan yang menyasar ini, haruslah bagi kita menerangkan di sini akan konsep dan definasi sebenar falsafah “Libertarianisme” itu.

Continue reading “Apa itu “Libertarianisme”? (Siri 1)”

Aggressor vs Protector

He who attempts to control another is a governor, an aggressor, an invader; and the nature of such invasion is not changed, whether it is made by one man upon another man, after the manner of the ordinary criminal, or by one man upon all other men, after the manner of an absolute monarch, or by all other men upon one man, after the manner of a modern democracy.

On the other hand, he who resists another’s attempt to control is not an aggressor, an invader, a governor, but simply a defender, a protector; and the nature of such resistance is not changed whether it be offered by one man to another man, as when one repels a criminal’s onslaught, or by one man to all other men, as when one declines to obey an oppressive law, or by all men to one man, as when a subject people rises against a despot, or as when the members of a community voluntarily unite to restrain a criminal.”

-Benjamin R. Tucker (1881-1908)-

The Relation of the State to the Invididual